7 hardest question for scientist

According to British reports, along with technological development and social progress of society, people have a deeper knowledge of a large number of nature happenings. But to some other questions remained until now scientists are still unable to give answers and explanations. Like:
1. Do dogs have a sense of humor?
Scientists studied the intelligence of animals, they increasingly recognize such a view: animal behavior is not just react instinctively, but a subconscious reaction, the substance of their thinking makes it have the ability to feel love, anger, sadness and joy and even a sense of humor through the sensor organs.
For example, researchers have found, that elephants can recognize themselves in mirrors (many children who may not be able to do as such) orang utan (or perhaps some birds) can learn a number of beginning-level language and make a complicated equipment.

It is conceivable, if the bird can make a hook (hook) with electric wire, to be used to associate the food from the can, then is not so cruel when using them as an experiment that torture?
2. What about the origins of life?
If you want to make a biologist, you simply ask how the origin of life. Since 150 years ago, Darwin was thinking and he thinks that all life on earth comes from the "prebiotic soup". But until now, we're still thinking about the origins of life.
We do not know the variety of knowledge relating to the origin of life, such as how the first, where and when life began, and what is life from life to death took place only once or repeatedly, and so forth.
Some scientists suspect that life came from underground, or around the lips volcano. Medium other scientists suspect, that a single microbe was the ancestor of all living things on earth. Less is more in the 3 billion years ago, when Mars was warm and moist, while Earth is only a cold desert, this single microbes fly to Earth along with the crushed rock explosion of the planet Mars. According to this view, means that we are all human beings from the planet Mars. But until now, all these allegations have never been proven. So can not convince people. The origin of life, most likely represents the most enigmatic mysteries of the universe.
3. What is the inner reaction just nonsense?
Most scientists say do not believe with abnormal phenomena, because these phenomena are normal and not violate the principle can be explained through experiments. But if we can say that crystal therapy (using crystal energy for "Magnetic Field organism" human body back in a state of "balanced" and the inner reaction that is nonsense?)
"The phenomenon of abnormal" include power Gamma (δ), "spiritual", a new era babble (New Century), horoscopes, divination cards / tarot, scientists have reason assume that the abnormal phenomenon is a pseudo science. But scientists on the contrary, they are careful and rational in science, often publish their latest research findings in leading Science magazine. "
But when the crystal therapy and technique is believed horoscope only as an entertainment and not a science, then what about the inner reaction, acupuncture therapy and hypnosis techniques? This still needs to be studied scientifically. And of course, thought the reaction might also be evidenced as a bird news, who knows? no matter what the outcome, should attempt to discover the real facts.
4. What time is it?
If you want to make a physicist, ask him: "What is time?" Because, we will not know the answer.
There is a rumor that said, time is a magical weapon that prevents any objects of nature activities simultaneously. Time can define our lives, because we rely on time to measure life. But in terms of what it is time, we just like the ancients, also did not know anything. And of course, this does not mean we do not know what has been done time. Physicists like Einstain, where in the characteristics of the view that the time had. So we can give a sign at the time, and enter into the equation are not the same, so that we can examine a large number of phenomena and draw conclusions.
However, this can not yet tell us exactly what time. Is it a "river" that flows from the past to the future? if yes, then the river is it? What pushed him to move and based on what the current speed of the river flows? if time is a river, what can flow onto the river through this? and whether we can completely stop the flow of this river flowing?
Fiction novelist says it allows. What we wonder is, physicists also think like this. But before we create a time machine, we should know very well against a difficult time at the touch and easy to disappear in this glance. Until the last day, we will uncover the mysteries of this mysterious. But if so, it certainly would appear even more mystery. Perhaps the only consolation is decent, if one day we can reveal all mysteries, and if it is really solved, then everything would be bland.
5. Why obesity from increasing day by day?
At 100 years ago, in the world there is hardly a single case of obesity, for 100 years, obesity has become a crisis that no unmatched in the history of human disease. If calculated according to the current situation, we are getting overweight.
Because obesity is very clear: eating too much, lack of exercise. But the condition is not as simple as this. First rarely know, in a large number of countries "obesity" in the west, such as the United States, the heat thrown people far less heat than is spent on people 50 years ago. Compared with those in 1950 ago, we rarely walk, which replace the large number of motor vehicles. Obesity began to flourish since 1980, compared to when it is, sports are much less done.
A large number of scientists are convinced that behind the proliferation of obesity must be buried a deep mystery. Some scientists have said that obesity may be caused by a virus, or can be explained by genetic science.
6. Do people can stay young?
What can we stay young? possibly can, maybe not. Prevent aging is one thing that most do not like to talk to scientists, because this can cause a series of problems such as moral and logic, or the things that real headache.
First, in reality we do not know what aging actually is. In our view, when we are old, or the physical body itself will also go dark. But the fact is not so. First 20 years of age our lives, our physical day by day increasingly contain and strong, the function of our bodies we are becoming more and more effective, more powerful disease-fighting capabilities. However, why in the days following (older), it becomes very opposite?
According to evolutionary theory of aging, why does the function of our bodies begin to experience aging is estimated at 30-50 years old men will die from cold, hunger and death in wild tiger's mouth and so forth. But if we can not live so long, we did not need evolution, to deal with pain during old age. But this can not explain, where when we get old, what changes have changed the "clock" gene, so that makes our skin becomes dry, a white hair, bones become brittle. Only after we find out exactly what caused this change only allows to take measures against aging.
But we will face a moral issue: are we willing to live in a world that human beings will not be old forever? or in other words, are we really willing to live in a world like that if only a small number of elite society that just fortunate to be able to enjoy this ageless treatment?
7. A minute ago I do the same with me now?
"Do I still like a minute ago?" This sounds like a very strange question! But this is one of the most troublesome problem in the whole world of science and philosophy. That is a matter of recognition of identity. On the surface, the answer clearly is: "it is definitely, I'm the same person in a minute ago. But try again ponder for a moment. "
10 minutes ago, all the things that made every cell in your brain is totally different from the things that made your brain cells now. Every few years ago, your body is almost completely replaced once. Does Cutty Sark can be made back with a new timber and a variety of new components, whether it will exactly match the Cutty Sark which sailed over the sea at it 150 years ago? Against this, the answer purification theory is: "No". That way, you are no longer your childhood was. This question shows, that our consideration of the individual is always in contradiction with the real atmosphere going on. And how do we recognize the identity of one same person, whether based on DNA or other something more nebulous again?

New Movie

Transferred to Detroit to put a local SWAT team through a training regimen, LAPD Lieutenant Paul Cutler finds himself the target of a homicidal genius who is protected by government official.

Download movie here : S.W.A.T Firefight

7 cool ways to make money with google adsense

The Google AdSense program has been known to be probably the most generous pay per click company, when it comes rewarding their publishers for their efforts. Not only do they pay them well, they look to even expand their ideas and make almost every aspect of the Internet profitable. And here today, I’d like to introduce some of the creative ways to make money with Google AdSense, that you may have never heard before. Who said that there was only one way to make money with a Google AdSense account?

Participate in Forums

If your an active member in a particular forum, check to see if they give some percentage of the revenue to active participants. A great forum that allows users to have a split end of the AdSense revenue is the Digital Point forums. Not only is this a great way to make money, it helps to encourage members to continue to socialize more with the community they love.

Incorporate AdSense Search 

Got a website that has search functionality? Well, you can make that feature of your site profitable as well as make user experience enjoyable. Users will find the content they want and get to view relevant ads as well, which means more money for you. You can think of AdSense search like your own mini search engine.

Incorporate AdSense Ads to Your Feed

If you can make money off your website, why can’t you make money with your own web feed? With the features that Google includes in Feedburner, they make it possible for webmasters to maximize their profits with not only their site’s content but their feeds as well.

Write Articles

With generous article collaboration sites like Hubpages and Google Knol, who pay you to write articles with ads powered by Google AdSense, you can get your good share of profit whenever readers click an ad or view an ad. The more viewers your articles attract, the more money you make. Essentially, writing articles is great credibility wise as well as one of the great ways to make money.

Become a YouTube Partner

Like the idea of making money off making creative entertaining videos? Ever seen one of those Google Ads pop up whenever you were viewing a video off YouTube? Well, if you qualify to become a partner, whenever a viewer clicks or views an ad, you make your share of money. Especially if your videos are videos that are intriguing, they can really spread quickly like wildfire and make you a lot of money virally. Also, as an extra bonus, if any webmaster decides to embedded your video on their site, you even make money off the viewers from their site as well because the ads basically follow the YouTube video. The ways to make money by being a YouTube partner, is simply relentless.

Make Money Off Socializing

You like the idea of making money off socializing with people across the world with sites like Flixya? Flixya has it all and they pay 100% of the ad revenue to you! Whether you are there to share videos, photos, or just to make your own personal blog, you can be making money with them just by doing what you love, socializing!

Start Your Own Website

Got something intriguing to say that will inspire many to read about the stuff you have to say? Whether it be about cars or just about your personal life, anything goes. Google AdSense makes it possible for any webmaster to make money with their own personal website. If you have ever thought about starting up your own website, this may be your chance to make money online while writing about something you love. Starting your own website and making money off it for the first time, is of course a rewarding feeling that you will never forget.

from : http://www.mooladays.com/2009/09/14/7-cool-ways-to-make-money-with-google-adsense/

Age of Ancient Bird Fossil Found in China

Although he was not as old as Archaeopteryx, which is believed to be the oldest bird species in the world today, a new fossil found in China was found in the intact condition. Body structure might provide new clues for scientists to study the life histories of birds from the age of dinosaurs to modern birds.

The fossil was found in the paelontolog China and Britain from the edge of the lake in the forest around the northern part of Hebei Province during the expedition in 2005-2006. The scientists gave the name which means Eoconfuciusornis zhengi Confucius bird.

"Eoconfuciusornis provide new piece in the puzzle of evolution from Archaeopteryx to be more advanced birds," said Zhou Zhong, co-author of the study report from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology in Beijing.

Conditions are intact fossils probably because the bird is submerged into the lake and buried by sediment in the bottom of the lake in the Cretaceous Era between 120 million years until 131 million years. Over millions of years buried, their bodies undergo a process of fossilization and preserved in fossilized sediments.

His figure was very similar to modern birds with feathered wing shape and symmetrical arrangement of tail feathers. Fur color varies from brown and black that could be the actual color or changes color from blue, red, and yellow like a modern bird.

Characteristics are more like modern birds than Archaepteryx who still has the physical characteristics of dinosaurs, such as teeth and long bony tail. Bone and muscle structure also supports the ability to fly more nimble maneuvers. However, both may share the same weakness fly from a flat surface, so easy to attack the opponent.

The animal probably lived in trees and has a nail and a long tail feathers that are important to help balance the body while perched on the branch. He seemed to glide to the surface of the lake astute to catch fish as prey

Researchers Find Evidence of Mass Destruction in the Past

The fossil is believed to be evidence of mass destruction which occurred about 252 million years ago. 
Fossils of ancient dolphins found in Louping
At an excavation site in Luoping, Yunnan province, southwest region of China, researchers found almost 20 thousand fossils. The discovery of fossils in the number of very much this is tantamount to the discovery of a complete ecosystem. 

Reptiles, fish, and fossils of other marine life complete a number of smaller-sized fossils found earlier.

A collection of fossils was believed to be evidence of the mass destruction of living things on Earth, due to volcanic activity that occurred at the end of the Permian era, about 252 million years ago.

Mike Benton, Professor of Bristol University School of Sciences and Shixue Eearth Hu of the Chengdu China Geological Center said the limestone layer 16 meters thick protective of these fossils come from the past. "At that time, the South China still is a giant island that was slightly above the equator and has a tropical climate," he said.

"The discovery of fossils of land plants also indicate that this aquatic communities living near forest tree ferns," said Benton, as quoted by the Examiner, December 23, 2010.

The fossils were found, said Benton, with a very well kept, with more than half remained in complete condition, including soft tissue. "It seems they were protected by layers of microbes throughout the period that immediately closed the living body that not long after they die," he said.

Throughout its history during the last 4.5 billion years, the planet Earth has experienced several mass extinction events. However, quoted from RedOrbit, terrible events that befall the ecosystem in the Permian era took place in the scale of "not unprecedented" and cause the extinction of 96 percent of marine life and 70 percent of terrestrial vertebrates.

Only one in ten species survived and they became the basis of recovery of life in the next period, called the Triassic.

"The recovery of mass destruction seems to take between 1 to 4 million years," said Benton. "The incident at the end of the Permian is very powerful, killing about 90 percent of the species to ecosystems have nothing left to resume their lives," said Benton.

Currently, researchers focused on finding clues that could help them determine what species survived the incident at the end of the Permian era. Furthermore, the fossils 'treasure trove' of the Permian era, will be used by researchers to study how certain species can adapt and survive after experiencing a mass extinction.

MP3 rocket

Basically, you define a shared folder, search for files, download them and keep them around for others to download to their PCs. It works quite well--there are tons of MP3 files available--however, in my short perusal there were still the numerous malware and ad-ridden downloads that LimeWire suffered.

The MP3 Rocket Web site makes it appear as if you have to pay money for MP3 Rocket; however, you click on the tiny developer link at the bottom of the screen and choose Get Basic, or simply download here for the free version. The $20 pro version removes the nags and ads and promises 25% faster downloads. As long as you're aware that the vast majority of the files you'll find are infringing on copyrights in one way or another, go right ahead--there's still a thriving Gnutella community out there.

Tip: Don't download MP3 files that look undersized, say less than 2MB. It's most likely not the file you want and probably contains an embedded URL that takes you to a Web site, possibly a dangerous one.

if you want to download here the link mp3 rocket download

The Longest Name of Place

DO NOT be surprised if you read the title of this paper. Just so you know, that's the name of a lake in the middle of the state of Massachusetts, USA.

Weird, right?It name is Chargoggagoggmanchauggagoggchaubunagungamaugg.How to read it? Let alone you, the locals gave up each time asked to pronounce a name that consists of 45 letters (if you do not believe please count yourself).

So, the simple locals call the lake with an easy name spelled: Lake Webster.

Because it is so complicated collection of letters to be read and written so often happened mistake and spelling, not least on the board of directions to the location of the lake.

For the mistake, thus proclaimed the Associated Press, Tuesday (21 / 4), local officials agreed to soon fix it, in line with the results of a combination of historical research about the strange spelling.

As the results of research Telegram & Gazette Worcester, the letter "o" in the letter to-20 should be "u" and "h" in the letter to the 38th should be "n". Well.

Just so you know, too, about the unique name that saves a lot of myths. One myth says that the long word that has meaning: "You're fishing at your side, I was fishing at my side, and no one is fishing in the middle."

The lake is the main fishing spots are located in the border area of residence several native tribes, and is the location of meetings of the various paths that a tribal transportation facilities around the lake. Based on these reasons, these funds are also often used as a meeting place. 

The tribes of Algonkin speakers have some name for this lake that can be recorded on old maps and historical records. However, all names diguanakan most have a similar meaning. Among the ancient name used for this lake there are names like "Chabanaguncamogue" and "Chaubanagogum".

A map of the town of Dudley in 1795 to write the name of this lake as Chargoggaggoggmanchoggagogg. Lake survey conducted in 1830 to write the name of this lake as Chaubunagungamaugg (old name). The following year, in Dudley and Oxford city maps that are neighbors, the lake was written as a Lake Chargoggagoggmanchauggagoggchaubunagungamaugg.

Why Spicy foods make our eye watery?

For lovers of spicy foods, foods that contain lots of hot pepper has become a daily meal. 
But for some people, eating spicy foods can cause watery eyes and nose. Why is that?

In addition to flavor food, a spicy chili to make the body healthy. Spicy taste and burning sensation caused by chili produced high concentrations of the active ingredient called capsaicin.

Capsaicin is a chemical derived from natural vegetable. This material is used by the chili for the defense system itself so as not to be eaten by predators such as animals.

Capsaicin has been widely studied for the effect of reducing pain, good for the cardiovascular benefits, weight loss and help prevent ulcers. In addition, capsaicin is also what makes the eyes and noses of people who eat watery. Why?

Reporting from WHFoods, this is because capsaicin can stimulate the secretion of mucus that help cope with stuffy noses, congested lungs, and also of course make people as if crying because her eyes were watery.

Spicy taste that can stimulate the secretion of mucus, making good chili to prevent and treat sinusitis, helping to reduce nasal congestion, flu and breathing difficulties.

Not only that, watery eyes when eating spicy foods can also be caused due to the irritation of the mucous membrane (mucous membrane) that is in the eye.

When it comes in contact with mucous membranes, such as skin or eyes, it will cause burning sensation capsaicin. And if affects the eye, will make people cry.

Professions Some Figures Before They Were Famous

Sylvester Stallone

Sylvester Stallone was once worked as a lion cage cleaner. And in the early career playing porn movie entitled 'Party at Kitty and Stud's'.

Dan Brown

Best seller book sellers DaVinci Code, formerly worked as high school teacher in london.

Benito Mussolini

Before becoming a famous figure in the era of World War II, Mussolini worked as a writer of social newspaper, Il Popolo d'Italia, which later made his writing a novel.

Fidel Castro

Fidel Castro was a pitcher in baseball in 1946. In 1959, he and his family took over Cuba.

Bill Gates

Formerly a congressional office boy in Washington state Capitol.

William Watkins

CEO of Seagate Technology, formerly worked as a mental hospital guard night schedule.

Sidney Kimmel

Founder and current chairman of Jones Apparel Group, formerly worked as a registrar at the Morton Manufacturing shipments.

Bill Murray

Open stand in front of grocery stores to sell peanuts.

Rush Limbaugh

Guide his speech on the radio and U.S. political commentator, was once a shoeshine.

Robin Williams

Formerly a phantomin streets.

Jerry Seinfeld

It used to work as a salesman light bulbs over the phone.

Demi Moore

Working in crediting agency


Formerly working behind the Dunkin Donuts counter.

Jennifer Aniston

Formerly a waitress who then work as a receptionist at a company Businees development.

Brad Pitt

Formerly worked as carpenters pull icebox and wear chicken costume for El Pollo Loco restaurant, to pay for acting classes.

Garth Brooks

Formerly a salesman in a bookstore, just a month before the world famous Country music.

Jack Nicholson

'Found' in space checking mail at MGM.

Stephen King

What was once a janitor, was cleaning the locker woman who later inspired him to write a novel entitled "Carrie."

Rod Stewart, the grave Digger

Rod Stewart had been a test player Celtics soccer club, and Brentford. Later he worked as a grave digger. Then he turned to music career to join the singer Wizz Jones in the 1960s as an itinerant singer, this is what caused him to be deported from Spain.

Michael Dell, the diswasher

Michael Dell, founder and board of directors of the company Dell Computer, was the dishwasher at a Chinese restaurant with an income of $ 2.3 per hour.

Pol Pot, the School Teacher

Before becoming a war criminal, Pol Pot, who was once named Saloth Sar, a teacher in Phnom Penh. You will not think teachers in your classroom is a butcher.

Oprah Winfrey, the young reporter

Oprah Winfrey was born in Kosciusko, Mississippi, formerly worked as news reporter who has an income of $ 100 per week. Try to compare it with an income of millions of dollar now.


Hitler, a German Fuhrer in power, used to have a profession as a greeting card artist (Postcard Painter) and canvas paintings.

Steve Jobs

The boss of Apple Inc, Pixar and Walt Disney was once a scavenger bottle cap and a clown for a birthday event.

Jackie Chan

Famous Asian actors in Hollywood, was once just a stuntman, and before starring in his first film, he had worked in Australia as a restaurant waiter and construction workers.

source: http://asalkamutahuaja.blogspot.com

Sea Lamprey. What is it??

Petromyzon Marinus, sea lamprey, sea eel or fish blood sucking leeches. (Thinkquest.org)

A number of Canadian researchers who study the whale's life trying to prove the theory that the sea eel attached to the whale's body for the ride is simply wrong.

Sea lampreys or Petromyzon Marinus (sea eel name it), often seen attached to the whale's body. This eel has a similar funnel mouth full of teeth and tongue like a razor blade.

From a few sightings, eels were seen attached to the humpback whales in the Pacific Ocean region. As for the northern Atlantic, he was often seen attached to the whale.

Based on a rare appearance, some scientists theorize that the sea lamprey feed on whale skin. Some other scientists believe that sea lampreys bite the whale so they can be delivered to distant places separated by oceans.

However, having studied at the St. Lawrence estuary, where the lake meets the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean in eastern Canada, researchers finally have the answer.

"Lampreys attached to the whale to bite deep into the skin to suck blood, not only sekadarn riding trip," said Ursula Tscherter, Project Director, Foundation for Marine Environment Research, as quoted by the BBC, January 19, 2010.

Tscherter mentioned, the number of minke whale sightings in the area of the St. Lawrence estuary enable this research. "Whereas before, stick leeches on the body of the whale species is not widely known," said Tscherter.

Researchers then took the photo when the whale's body looks, before and after the leech is attached.

From the photographs obtained, shows that in places that once attached by the eels were found injured and bleeding. "This is the first evidence that the parasite is eating of whale blood," said Tscherter.

Petromyzon Marinus, or often referred to as the vampire fish was first discovered by accident in the Great Lakes lake region in the 1800s. Just as salmon, sea lamprey was born in freshwater, migrate to sea as adults and return to freshwater to breed and die.

In some lakes in northern America, eel or leeches have also been considered as pests. In 1930 until the 1940s, Petromyzon Marinus responsibility as a trigger factor plunging fish populations.

Although not attack humans, but never were the case that a swimmer bitten and sucked her blood by petromyzon Marinus. Although not until the turn off, but the eel could be released after the swimmer was brought up onto land.

Now the researchers continue to observe the sea lamprey's life to understand more about the species to be able to control the population that continues to soar and threaten the survival of some species of fish.

Flying Girl in Russian Wood

This video give you an amazing shot... how can it be??

please leave your comments

The Origin Of HIV/AIDS

The debate over the origin of AIDS has been very interesting and disputed since the beginning of the epidemic. However, the danger of trying to identify where AIDS originated. People can use it as a matter of debate to blame a particular group or lifestyle. 

The first AIDS case was found in the U.S. in 1981, but these cases provide little information about the source of this disease. Now there is clear evidence that AIDS is caused by a virus known as HIV. So to find the source of AIDS we need to find the origin of HIV. 

The origin of HIV is not just about academic problems, because not only understand where it came from the virus but also how this virus is grown to be important to develop an HIV vaccine and more effective treatment. Also, knowledge about how the AIDS epidemic arose be important in determining the shape of the epidemic in the future as well as develop education and prevention programs are effective.

This type of virus is HIV?

HIV is part of a family or a group of viruses called lentiviruses. Lentiviruses such as HIV is found in a wide range of non-human primates. Another lentivirus, known collectively as the monkey virus known as SIV (simian immunodeficiency virus) in which the subscript indicates the origin of species. 

So where HIV originated? Is HIV originated from SIV?

It is now generally accepted that HIV is a descendant of SIV. Specific SIV types similar to HIV-1 and HIV-2, two types of HIV.

For example, HIV-2 can be equated with the SIV found in sooty mangabey monkeys (SIVsm), sometimes known as green monkeys originating from western Africa.

The more virulent strains of HIV, namely HIV-1, until recently very difficult to be classified. Until 1999, the most similar is known SIV that infects chimpanzees (SIVcpz), but there are significant differences between SIVcpz and HIV.

So what happened in 1999? Are chimps now known as the origin of HIV?

In February 1999 it was announced that a group of researchers from the University of Alabama, in the U.S., has studied frozen tissue from a chimpanzee and find the type of virus (SIVcpz) is almost identical to HIV-1. Chimpanzees are from sub-group of chimpanzees known as Pan troglodyte troglodyte who once common in west-central Africa.

The researchers assert that this shows chimpanzees are the source of HIV-1, and this virus at some point crossed species from chimpanzees to humans. However, it is not clear whether the chimpanzee is the original source of HIV-1 because chimpanzees are rarely infected with SIVcpz. Therefore there is a good possibility chimps and humans are infected from a third party, namely a primate species that are still not recognizable. In any case, at least need two separate transfer to humans.

How is HIV can cross the species?

It has long been known that certain viruses can pass from animals to humans, and this process is known as zoonosis.

Researchers from the University of Alabama suggests that HIV can cross over from chimpanzees as chimpanzees kill and eat human flesh.

Several other theories are debated opinion that HIV moved in iatrogenic (caused by medical negligence party), for example through medical experiments. One well-circulated theory is that polio vaccines played a role in this movement, because the vaccine made using monkey kidneys.

But what is important in various kinds of theory is the question of when the transfer took place.

Is there a fact when the transfer took place?

Over the last few years allows not only to determine whether HIV is present in the blood, but also determine the virus subtype. Research on the virus subtype, of HIV infection in early cases may give clues about when HIV first attack humans and subsequent developments.

Three of the earliest HIV infection are as follows:

Examples of plasma (blood fluid) taken from an adult male who lived in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 1959.
HIV found in tissue samples from an African-American youth who died in St. Louis, USA, 1969.
HIV found in tissue samples from a Norwegian sailor who died around 1976.
The analysis conducted in 1998 on plasma samples from 1959 suggests that HIV-1 into humans around the 1940s or early 1950s, earlier than previously thought. Other scientists predict even longer, probably about 100 years ago or more.

What is known in which HIV in humans appear?

Now many people think because of HIV seen develop from one type of SIV found in chimpanzees in West African type, this means that HIV first appeared in humans in there. Then presumed that HIV spread from Africa to the world.

However, as discussed above, chimpanzees are not necessarily the original source of HIV and there is a possibility the virus crossed over to humans, more than one occasion. So perhaps also HIV arise at the same time in both South America and Africa, or even appear in the American continent before appearing in Africa.

We may never know exactly when and where the virus first appeared, but certainly at some time in the mid 20s this century, HIV infection in humans developed into a worldwide epidemic that is currently better known as AIDS .

What caused the epidemic spread of a sudden?

There are several factors that can support the deployment was so sudden, including international travel, blood industry, and drug use is widespread.

International Travel

The role played by international travel in the spread of HIV is highlighted in the case now known as 'Patient Zero' (original patients). Patient Zero was a Canadian citizen airplane steward named Gaëtan Dugas and the frequent travel throughout the world.Analysis of several cases of early AIDS-infected persons showed that these are people who have sex either directly or indirectly by this steward. These cases are found in several U.S. cities this shows the role of international travel in the spread of HIV. It also suggests that this disease may be caused by a substance spreader.

Blood Industry

While blood transfusions became a routine part of medical treatment, the blood industry to meet the demand for blood also increases. In some countries like the U.S., people who get paid to donate blood, including intravenous drug users. The blood obtained was then sent to the entire world. Also, in the late 1960s began to take advantage of hemophiliacs blood clotting, called Factor VIII.

To produce the clotting substances, the blood collected from thousands of donors that increase the likelihood of these products contaminated with HIV. Because Factor VIII spread around the world, there are likely many hemophiliacs exposed to new infections.

Use of Drugs

In the 1970s found increased availability of heroin along with the Vietnam war and other conflicts in the Middle East, which encourages the growth of injecting drug use.Increasing the provision and development tools, disposable plastic syringes and the construction of shooting gallery (where injecting drugs) where people can buy drugs and rent equipment to be another way of spreading the virus.

What other theories about the origin of HIV?

Other theories put forward about the origin of HIV, including the many conspiracy theories. Some people with HIV impressive made by the CIA, although others consider that the genetically engineered HIV. 

Original article: The Origin Of HIV

Let's Know the Ins and outs of Snail

Snails belong to the soft animals (molluscs) of the class Gastropoda which means to walk with the stomach. Snails are animals that originated from East Africa. Therefore easy to breed, snail spread to all regions of the world.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
sub-class: Pulmonata
Order Stylommatophora
Snails other than as animal feed, is also a source of high quality animal protein because it contains essential amino acids complete.

Many people who enjoyed food snails. In addition, the snail is also used in traditional medicine, because flesh and mucus extract very useful for treating various diseases such as abortion, inflammation of the lining of the eye, when menstrual pain, toothache, gata, itching, and others.

Initially, snails hunted many of the farmers because it is the enemy and pest of crops. However, now many are hunted and collected snails for export commodities. The demand for snails, including very high, especially from the State of France, Germany, and Japan as food.

Sexual maturity between several months to 2 years of marriage snails are hermaphrodites or calamine-type females but for males while fertilized eggs can take 2 tails snail who do marriage.

A snail can reproduce 6 times a year after marriage snails will split take the path respectively utuk spawn.

Snails produce 20-80 eggs are spherical and translucent, eggs laid in the ground under the stone. After several weeks of snail eggs will hatch and the shells will be enlarged to follow growth

Food snails are plants that are picked from the result of his trip using his small teeth are shaped such as grated.

The latter is the uniqueness of the shell of a snail is in addition to functioning as a protection but it can also function as the lungs. Gas exchange between air and blood occurs in the wall of hole-rich palleal blood vessels.

Why Most Medical Experiments Using Rat?

Rat, this little animal have some advantagae in the lab. Do you know why the rat is often used in medical experiments? 

It turned out that mice have a significant role in medical experiments. Starting from the formulation of new cancer drugs to test dietary supplements, the mice play an important role in the new medical miracle.

In fact, according to the Foundation for Biomedical Research (FBR), 95% of lab animals are mice. Scientists and researchers rely on mice for several reasons. One of these, rodents are small, easily stored and maintained and can adapt well to new environments.

These animals breed rapidly and short-lived (2-3 years) so that several generations of mice can be observed in a short time.

In addition, mice are relatively inexpensive and can be purchased in bulk from commercial manufacturers breeding of rodents for research. Generally, mice are obedient and easy to handle animal researchers, although there is some kind of difficult to handle.

Most medical laboratory mice are genetically almost identical, except for gender. According to the National Human Genome Research Institute, it helps a uniform result of medical experiments. As a minimum, the mice had the same race.

Another reason rats were used as a model of medical tests is their genetic, biological and behavioral characteristics very similar to humans, and many symptoms of the human condition can be replicated in rats.

"Rats are mammals that have a lot of processes such as humans and can be used to answer the question a lot of research," said representatives of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of Laboratory Welfare Jenny Haliski.

Over the last two decades, the similarity is even stronger. Now, scientists can develop a 'transgenic mice' who carry similar genes cause human diseases. Rats also make research efficient because of anatomy, physiology and genes are well understood by researchers.

Some mice SCID (severe combined immune deficiency) are naturally born without immune systems and can become a model study of normal and malignant human tissues. Here are examples of human disorders in which rats were used as a model.

Hypertension, diabetes, cataracts, obesity, seizures, respiratory problems, deafness, Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, cancer, cystic fibrosis, HIV and AIDS, heart disease, muscular dystrophy, spinal cord injury.

Rats are also used for anti-addiction drug testing of potentially ending drug addiction.

"Using animals is important for scientific understanding of biomedical systems that lead to medication, therapy and healing is useful," said Haliski.

The Fact about Ghost

Remember the movie Ghostbuster? Hollywood movie in 1984 ..? Apparently this film gives an idea about the case which had not occurred to us. Ghosts (and ghosts compatriots) could be hurt and trapped with the tools of science and technology.

When most people disuturbing sense of fear and horror when talking about these delicate creatures, many of us do not realize that science and technology studies found some weaknesses of the nature and characteristics of jinns and ghosts. 

Unlike the religious experts, the investigator / scientist tries to solve the puzzle by finding the delicate creature scientific explanation by examining the elements of ghost and genie from the standpoint of science. The result of decades of this study was not suspected by most of us ..! 

Who would have thought .. vampire movie scenes imaginable burn when exposed to sunlight, and Ghostbuster movie scenes imaginable ghost fishing and shooting using electronic equipment .. .. Turns out it was unfounded.

In fact, some beliefs which are considered superstition in our society such as iron scissors lay beside corpse or hang a mirror in front of the door can actually be proven scientifically to avoid interfering ghost or genie.

Investigator who is also Dean of the Faculty of Science Color Universal, University of Sri Lanka's international medicine: Prof. Dr. Sir Norhisham Wahab, said that ghosts and spirits do not have the element, resulting in their bodies can not be seen, but their existence can be proven with science and quantum physics can be detected by wave technology.

"The ghost and genie beings are not real because it is not bound to Earth's gravity and free than the carbon bond, molecules and atoms. In contrast to the human form rather than atomic particles or elements that make up all matter.

"The ghost and genie however included in the supernatural relative and can be measured by using sound waves and echoes," said Prof Dr Sir Norhisham Wahab steeped in the study in this field for nine years.

He said, if the study is to understand how the elements of ghosts and spirits from the physical angle, the most important business of helping people avoid interference jinn and ghosts can be done making of bidders and recovery using the technology.

Dr Norhisham said, jinn and ghosts composed than wave elements, they can control space and time inside the human body is capable of giving / causing negative impacts on mental health up to the stage.

"The human body that traps the wave 'unhealthy' give the impression to someone that is a negative impression on the soul as having chronic lethargy, mental disorders, pain is pain that, and so on. When the patient's medicine consult, doctors do not even say there's disease fine, but strangely the patient feels he is suffering from an illness. This is one sign of genie disturbance. " He said.

He said, for treating disorders jinn and ghosts, the recovery rule is to take back the space and time in the human body or organs which absorbed genie or ghost. 

An infrasonic wave frequency is very low but more powerful recorded in constant and continuous, so that the disturbing wave emitted by a ghost that had seeped into a body part, if the ghost feel uncomfortable, they will come out by itself and the patient recovered.

"For me the ghost interference is not harmful if it can be treated at an early stage. Practice reading surah Yasin able to activate the chemical reactions in the blood and was found to be applying pressure to a ghost that can not survive if the increase in oxygen in the bloodstream as pure energy.

"Although in the early stages of trance, the patient's body like a battle to expel the ghost who sneaked into the room hidden body, but eventually things will return as the origin.

"It is better to take care of the possessed, brush in cold water or ice that will provide the balance through rakaman infrasonic waves that coincide with the frequency of a sincere prayer. That was enough to issue a wave of ghost and restore the space and time in the victim's body, "he said.

In the case of couples do not have children due to witchcraft, he said, space and time in the womb of the wife has mastered the genie that will eat the seeds husband or wife. It will enter the same low-frequency waves with a frequency of ova and sperm, by continual waves to expel the jinn from the womb of the wife.

"Many cases of nursing that I run to meet various foreign materials such as wood dust quaint, scorpions and gems out of the supernatural when the wave is inserted into the body of the victim even smallpox that occurs in organs also unseen when the low-frequency waves recorded mandiannya into the water," he said.

Business emit waves to treat disorders spirits sesukar also is not really like that we imagine, do not need equipment like weapons, big machines that can be caught opposite waves in a medium such as water and a distinguished element accordingly.

"We created a tool that is technology radionik distinguished record 99 based on the 1999 wave frequency vibrations in atomic energy and the patient's sukros just need to take pills that are continual to emit waves into the body," he said.

Something interesting is the theory of Dracula will burn if exposed to light is true. Ghosts have unbalanced waves, and sunlight balance the wave function of nature. If the waves are not balanced sunlight, he will perish as the waves become unbalanced and ghosts that will burn.

"Iron is able to trap a wave of bad / negative and ghosts do not like the electric field, so the concept of ghosts being shot with a power tool for diciderakan and stored in a metal box like the Ghostbuster movies are true.

"So also dg deeds put scissors near the body kerana iron iron able to capture or attract positive electric charge pd someone if someone had died.
"The mirror is able to absorb light includes electromagnetic waves have the impression that radiation could interfere with the wave of ghosts and spirits. Perkara2 like this is not kurafat but we need to understand the concept, "he said.

An ironic fact is that most people fear ghosts though pd essence, a ghost too afraid to deal with human beings because human vision has a photon of light that tends to eject or emit electrons to form positive ions.

"Ghosts are also a number of positive ions and positive ions when met with positive ions in the electric power unit, he was able menciderakan or avoid them," he said.

FACT: Ghosts and spirits
# From the point of science, in general, ghosts or spirits do not like handling liquid nitrogen, ice, salt, oxygen, light, carbon dioxide, the frequency of one Hertz and fragrances is less certain.

# From the point of science, too, liked the ghost with vinegar, fungus, a substance that quickly decay, high-fiber materials, toxic gases, the material quickly teroksida (which reacts with oxygen), a high sodium content, foul and dirty.

# Recitation have permanent wave and if the resume practicing in a continual, wave of remembrance will master space on the human body and make it 'solid' cause there was no more space to enter a foreign wave like a ghost or a genie.

here i embed the video about ghost hunting...

Sinkhole the Strange hole

A sinkhole, also known as a sink, shake hole, swallow hole, swallet, doline or cenote, is a natural depression or hole in the Earth's surface caused by karst processes — the chemical dissolution of carbonate rocks[1] or suffosion processes[2] for example in sandstone. Sinkholes may vary in size from 1 to 600 meters (3.3 to 2,000 ft) both in diameter and depth, and vary in form from soil-lined bowls to bedrock-edged chasms. Sinkholes may be formed gradually or suddenly, and are found worldwide. The different terms for sinkholes are often used interchangeably. [3]Contents  
A special type of sinkhole – formed by rainwater leaking through the pavement and carrying dirt into a ruptured sewer pipe.

Sinkholes may capture surface drainage from running or standing water, but may also form in high and dry locations.

The mechanisms of formation involve natural processes of erosion or gradual removal of slightly soluble bedrock (such as limestone) by percolating water, the collapse of a cave roof, or a lowering of the water table. Sinkholes often form through the process of suffosion. Thus, for example, groundwater may dissolve the carbonate cement holding the sandstone particles together and then carry away the lax particles, gradually forming a void.

Occasionally a sinkhole may exhibit a visible opening into a cave below. In the case of exceptionally large sinkholes, such as Minyé sinkhole in Papua New Guinea or Cedar Sink at Mammoth Cave National Park, USA, a stream or river may be visible across its bottom flowing from one side to the other.

Sinkholes are common where the rock below the land surface is limestone or other carbonate rock, salt beds, or rocks that can naturally be dissolved by circulating ground water. As the rock dissolves, spaces and caverns develop underground. These sinkholes can be dramatic because the surface land usually stays intact until there is not enough support. Then, a sudden collapse of the land surface can occur.

Sinkholes also form from human activity, such as the rare but still occasional collapse of abandoned mines in places like West Virginia, USA. More commonly, sinkholes occur in urban areas due to water main breaks or sewer collapses when old pipes give way. They can also occur from the overpumping and extraction of groundwater and subsurface fluids. They can also form when natural water-drainage patterns are changed and new water-diversion systems are developed. Some sinkholes form when the land surface is changed, such as when industrial and runoff-storage ponds are created; the substantial weight of the new material can trigger an underground collapse of supporting material, thus, causing a sinkhole.

Sinkholes are usually but not always linked with karst landscapes. In such regions, there may be hundreds or even thousands of sinkholes in a small area so that the surface as seen from the air looks pock-marked, and there are no surface streams because all drainage occurs sub-surface. Examples of karst landscapes dotted with numerous enormous sinkholes are Khammouan Mountains (Laos) and Mamo Plateau (Papua New Guinea). The largest known sinkholes formed in sandstone are Sima Humboldt and Sima Martel in Venezuela.

The most impressive sinkholes form in thick layers of homogenous limestone. Their formation is facilitated by high groundwater flow, often caused by high rainfall - such high rainfall causes formation of the giant sinkholes in Nakanaï Mountains, New Britain island in Papua New Guinea. On the contact of limestone and insoluble rock below it there form powerful underground rivers which may create large underground voids.

In such conditions have formed the largest known sinkholes of the world, like the 662-metre (2,172 ft) deep Xiaozhai tiankeng (Chongqing, China), giant sótanos in Querétaro and San Luis Potosí states in Mexico and others.

Unusual processes have formed the enormous sinkholes of Sistema Zacatón in Tamaulipas (Mexico) - here more than 20 sinkholes and other karst formations have been shaped by volcanically heated, acidic groundwater. This has secured not only the formation of the deepest water-filled sinkhole in the world - Zacatón, but also unique processes of travertine sedimentation in upper parts of sinkholes, leading to sealing of these sinkholes with travertine lids.

The state of Florida in the USA is known for having frequent sinkholes, especially in the central part of the state. The Murge area in southern Italy also has numerous sinkholes. Sinkholes can be formed in retention ponds from large amounts of rain.

Sinkholes have been used for centuries as disposal sites for various forms of waste. A consequence of this is the pollution of groundwater resources, with serious health implications in such areas. In contrast, the Maya civilization sometimes used sinkholes in the Yucatán Peninsula (known as cenotes) as places to deposit precious items and sacrifices.

Many sinkholes are found in Northern Michigan. These are prominent in Alpena County in Northeast Michigan. In Lachine, Michigan there are five sinkholes that are found to be very deep and within 2 miles (3.2 km) from each other. Alpena's visitor information cites their sinkholes as an attraction for visitors to the area. In August 1998 a 16 year old Alpena boy survived a 200 feet (61 m)+ fall in an open sinkhole 0.75 miles (1.2 km) from Leer road in Lachine, Michigan.A majority of sinkholes in Alpena are also found underwater. Many divers explore these on a regular basis.

When sinkholes are very deep or connected to caves, they may offer challenges for experienced cavers or, when water-filled, divers. Some of the most spectacular are the Zacatón cenote in Mexico (the world's deepest water-filled sinkhole), the Boesmansgat sinkhole in South Africa, Sarisariñama tepuy in Venezuela, and in the town of Mount Gambier, South Australia. Sinkholes that form in coral reefs and islands that collapse to enormous depths are known as Blue Holes, and often become popular diving spots.

The overburden sediments that cover buried cavities in the aquifer systems are delicately balanced by groundwater fluid pressure. The water below ground is actually helping to keep the surface soil in place. Groundwater pumping for urban water supply and for irrigation can produce new sinkholes in sinkhole-prone areas. If pumping results in a lowering of groundwater levels, then underground structural failure, and thus, sinkholes, can occur.

from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinkhole 

Fake or True?

what do you think about this video?? a fake video or a reallity??

The Strange Place (or unique)

 1. Eisriesenwelt Ice Caves (Austria)

Stone cave ice is very unusual, other than that contained in the other parts of the world manapun.Ada strange feeling when squeezed in here. As if we were on another planet. There are many ice caves throughout the world, but Eisriesenwelt Ice Caves in Austria's largest and most popular. Being in Tennengebirge Mountains, near Salzburg.

2. Salar de Uyuni (Bolivia) 
Salar de Uyuni Bolivia perhaps one of the places which have stunning views of the world's largest salt dunia.Gurun, high volcanoes and hot springs are famous. It's all make this area like a strange place, as if we're not on planet earth.

3. Dry Valleys (Antarctica) 
It has a land surface studded with barren gravel, where it can be said to place on Earth most like Mars. A natural landscape is very memposona. This place is still in Victoria Land, west of McMurdo Sound.

Almost no snow here. but only a few steep batu2 only slightly covered in ice. This terrain looks not like a natural on this earth that exist in general.

In this place also has a uniqueness that is the frozen lake during bertahun2 length with a thickness of ice a few meters. where has the water under the ice that has a very high salt content which is inhabited by living things / organisms rare and mysterious.

4. Blood Pond Hot Spring (Japan) 
Blood Pond Hot Spring is one of nine "hell" (Jigoku) Beppu, Japan, the source of hot water is colored red with a very, very hot temperatures. High content of iron.

5. Socotra Island (Indian Ocean) 
The island is located in the territory of Yemen is a desert island inhabited around 40,000 people. Socotra name itself is derived from Sanskrit which means "Island of Happiness". Many trees and plants on the island is included in the category of endemic flora, which means there will never be found anywhere else in the world except the island of Socotra. There are even some varieties that had been predicted to reach age 20 million years.

Some of the reasons the island of Socotra, so do not be a tourist destination although the landscape is very interesting:
Socotra Island is a tropical island that has a desert climate. The heat can reach 40 degrees Celsius.
Because of Socotra Island is a protected island sustainability there is almost no roads built. The only road that was there, just built about 2 years ago. It was a tough agreement between the Government of Yemen and UNESCO.
In order not to many tourists who come to the island of Socotra and for naturalness of Socotra island was still awake so do not expect to find a hotel or a resort there.

Finally, perhaps the island of Socotra is not the right destination and comfortable. After all much better if the island is not too much touched by humans, that there'll reduce habitat damage. we simply admire the oddity of this island through the pictures.